Top 5 Largest National Parks of Vietnam
Some of the most beautiful destinations in the world are national parks, protected and preserved for their unparalleled landscapes — oceans, lakes, forests, jungles, mountains—with unique flora and fauna that only entice us more.
From high mountains to tranquil flowing water, there’s a secret hidden in each destination. Exploring the goodness of different places is what make you a great traveler! Stepping into the land of wilderness, untouched area with serene and picturesque surroundings is like a dream coming true for few travelers! If you too are planning for such stunning destinations, then here’s a list of 'Largest National Parks In Vietnam’.
1. Cuc Phuong National Park (Cuc Phuong Forest)
Cuc Phuong National Park (or Cuc Phuong forest) is a nature reserve, located on the boundary of three regions of the Northwest, Red River Delta and North Central Coast of three provinces: Ninh Binh, Hoa Binh, Thanh Hoa. This national park has a diverse flora and fauna system featuring tropical rainforests. Many highly endangered plant and animal species have been discovered and preserved here. This is also the first national park in Vietnam.
The climate in Cuc Phuong is a tropical monsoon climate, with an annual average temperature of about 24.7°C. The terrain is quite complicated, and the forest is in its original form containing many mysteries and spectacular landscape. There are many caves with interesting landscapes and hidden historical and cultural remnants such as Crescent Moon Cave, God Cave, Thuy Tien Cave, Nguoi Xua Cave, Con Moong Cave, Coral Cave, etc.
Cuc Phuong National Park is a tropical, green, year-round rainforest. Cuc Phuong has extremely abundant and diverse flora and fauna ecosystem, according to a recent survey data. Cuc Phuong has 2234 species of vascular plants and moss, including 433 species of medicinal plants, 229 species of edible plants, many of which are listed in Vietnam's Red Book.
Regarding animals, Cuc Phuong has 122 species of reptiles and amphibians, 66 species of fish, nearly 2000 species of insects, 135 species of animals (including the black-and-white douc langur is a very beautiful and rare primate species chosen to be symbol of Cuc Phuong National Park). With 336 resident bird species, especially many endemic to Vietnam and Indochina, Cuc Phuong has long been an ideal place for passionate bird watchers.
2. Ba Vi National Park
With the airy, green space of mountains and ancient historical sites, Ba Vi has always been known as the most ecological area in Vietnam. From the center of Hanoi about 30km along Thang Long Boulevard, then turn left onto Provincial Road 87A in Van Hoa about 10km. It only takes more than 1 hour by car until you see the National garden gate.
With an area of 11,372 ha for you to visit and explore, you can visit in 3 routes divided clearly, spiritual routes with ancient temples and pagodas; route to discover the ruins of the French colonization period with the summer camp, the old church, the old political church area, which has been worn out over time. Finally, there is a tour to discover nature with botanical gardens, forests, green and cool streams for which ensure to make you feel relaxed, away from all the noisy and stressful places in the capital. Or you can also visit the highlights of the tourist attraction compiled from the three tour routes.
Ba Vi National Park area has many places to visit - explore - relax. For those who want to travel to Ba Vi within 1 day, you will have to arrange a proper schedule if you do not want to miss the main attractions.
3. Bach Ma National Park
Bach Ma National Park is one of 30 national parks of Vietnam located about 40 km from the center of Hue city. Bach Ma National Park was established on July 15, 1991 and covers an area of two districts Phu Loc and Nam Dong of Thua Thien - Hue province. With an area of about 22,030 ha, located at an altitude of 1450m above sea level, Bach Ma National Park possesses an extremely rich and diverse flora and fauna ecosystem. Currently, there are about 2147 species of plants, 894 species of insects and 1493 species of living animals. There are a wide ranfe of rare and endangered species.
As a famous tourist destination of Thua Thien Hue, Bach Ma has many places to visit such as: Do Quyen Waterfall, Ngu Ho, Vong Hai Dai with the beauty of the mountains and sky as a water-color painting. Bach Ma National Park is also famous for the biodiversity resources of many rare plants and animals.
With the beauty of semi- tropical rain forest and cool climate, Bach Ma National Park is renowned for its being an ideal resort for tourists to relax and explore the stunning wilderness beauty of nature. It has a diversity of flora and fauna and is home to many rare animals. Going to Bach Ma, visitors can walk, do the sightseeing of a panoramic view of the mountains, rivers, lagoons and villages, listen to the birds's symphony, as well as immerse in the cool streams and see many kinds of animals and plants.
The weather in Bach Ma National Park is divided into two seasons: rainy season and dry season. According to the traveling experience to Bach Ma National Park, you should come here in the dry season, which is from December to April next year, because in the dry season, traveling in the forest will also be much easier. With a diverse ecosystem and residence of many birds species, Bach Ma is definitely a place worth visiting at least once in a lifetime.
4. Yok Don National Park
Yok Don National Park is the only national park in Vietnam to conserve the dipterocarp forest, a typical forest type with trees of the Dipterocarpaceae. The flora here is very diverse and abundant. Specifically, there are 858 species, including 116 species of high value timber such as Pterocarpus macrocarpus, Doussie, Dalbergia Cochinchinensis, Terminalia chebula, etc. In addition, the forest also has more than 100 species of valuable medicinal plants such as Kaempferia galanga, Fallopia multiflora, Abelmoschus sagittifolius, and many kinds of ornamental, providing knitting materials, handicrafts for people. In addition to the flora ecosystem, the fauna here is also an impressive number. There are 489 species, including 67 mammals; 196 species of birds; 46 reptiles; 15 amphibian species and more than 100 species of insects typical of Southeast Asia.
An interesting feature of Yok Don National Park is its buffer zone. There are the lives of many long-standing settlements such as Drang Phok, Jang Lanh, Buon Don, associated with ethnic minorities such as Ede, M'nong, Lao, Tay, or Muong, who have created villages with rich colors, interesting attractions in the Central Highlands mountains.
Experience a day as a forest ranger: This is an especially meaningful activity for each person coming to Yok Don National Park. Visitors can register to participate as a day ranger. Wearing uniform, and necessary items. Along patrol around the forest to be able to see firsthand layers of trees, animals will probably appear. From there, visitors can absolutely feel the real sense of the life of the forest, which can cause you to appreciate more the wonderful things that nature has asfavourably bestowed to this wonderland.
Yok Don National Park is the largest forest in Vietnam, bearing many interesting things with wild and unique natural scenes; so besides intrigues a large number of passionate explorers, it also attracts many scientists to explore and do researches.
5. Phu Quoc National Park
Phu Quoc National Park is a large nature reserve with an area spanning over 3 communes of Phu Quoc island district: Bai Thom, Cua Duong and Ham Ninh. Phu Quoc National Park has a total area of over 31 thousand hectares, including three main subdivisions: strict protection zone covering 8786 hectares, ecological restoration area of 22,603 hectares and administrative division - services - scientific research (33 ha).
Phu Quoc National Park is home to a wide variety of wildlife, plants and ecosystems, as well as a sizable human population. Phu Quoc old-growth forest (Phu Quoc primeval forest) is a collection of all forest ecosystems from mangroves, melaleuca forests, secondary forests, etc. and rare and precious animal species that are being protected and preserved. In particular, the rich flora here will surprise visitors because you can find hundreds of trees such as woody plants or even rare orchid species. Morover, visitors can also see medicinal herbs and some other parasitic species.
You can also easily encounter rare and precious animals in the forest: wolves, white monkeys, gibbon gibbon,, reptiles, birds. Especially, among them, there are 26 species recorded in Vietnam Red Book, 13 species are listed in IUCN list. Into the forest, visitors seem to stray into another world where dense ancient trees, low overgrown vegetation, and the pure fresh air. always hear the interesting symphony of green forest from birds, rustling leaves, murmuring of waterfalls and even the footsteps or cries of animals.
by Quynh Nhi